The processing, integration, and organization of sensory information from the body and the environment is referred to as sensory integration. This refers to how we perceive, interpret, and respond to (or ignore) information from our senses. Sensory integration is essential in all of our daily activities, such as eating, socializing, learning, and working. Our senses receive sensory information. They include: 

  • Sight (vision)
  • Hearing (auditory system)
  • Touch (tactile system)
  • Taste (gustatory system)
  • Smell (olfactory system)
  • Proprioception (senses of body awareness and position)
  • Vestibular (awareness of movement, balance, and coordination)
  • Interoception (our internal sensory system that tells us what is going on inside our bodies, such as the need to go to the bathroom, fatigue, and so on)

Sensory integration develops in children as part of normal development and through activities such as rolling, crawling, walking, and playing. However, sensory integration may be less developed in others. Sensory integration therapy is for people who struggle with sensory processing or understanding sensory input, such as autistic children. Sensory integration therapy is used to teach children how to use all of their senses simultaneously, including touch, smell, taste, sight, and hearing. This therapy is said to improve challenging or repetitive behavior. These behaviors may be related to sensory processing issues. Occupational therapists typically lead the program. The program has several advantages, including: 

  • sensory system modulation
  • sensory system modulation
  • self-regulations
  • improved performance at school, home, and in the community
  • increased independence in daily activities
  • enhanced functional ability to engage in daily and recreational activities
  • improved motor planning capacity
  • active participation and exploration of surroundings
  • effective sensory information organization

During the program, therapists may collaborate with parents, schools, and community members to assist each child in achieving his or her objectives. It is critical that children who have sensory integration difficulties receive adequate attention. This helps them to make sense of their environment, not at all times but at least every few minutes of their day,  it is critical to create    public awareness about sensory integration in communities, This allows communities to better understand and care for children with sensory needs.

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